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Sunday, November 29, 2020 | History

1 edition of In-vivo/in-vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages found in the catalog.

In-vivo/in-vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages

In-vivo/in-vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages

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Published by Colorado Division of Wildlife in [Denver] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Mule deer -- Physiology.,
  • Mule deer -- Food.,
  • Digestion.,
  • Forage.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementDaniel G. Milchunas ... [et al. ; edited by Oliver B. Cope].
    SeriesSpecial report / Colorado Division of Wildlife -- no. 43, Special report (Colorado. Division of Wildlife) -- no. 43.
    ContributionsMilchunas, Daniel G., Cope, Oliver B.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL737.U55 I5
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 44 p. :
    Number of Pages44
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17231749M

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In-vivo/in-vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. In-vivo/in-vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages. [Daniel G Milchunas; Oliver B Cope; et al]. Comparison of In Vivo and In Vitro Dry Matter Digestibility of Mule Deer Forages P. URNESS, A. SMITH, AND R. WATKINS Highlight: In vivo digestibility percentages from mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) digestion-balance trials were usually higher than in vitro determinations obtained from the same experimental.

Milchunas DG, Dyer MI, Wallmo OC, Johnson DE () In vivo/in vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages. Colorado Div Wildl Spec Fort Collins Google Scholar Mould ED, Robbins, CT () Evaluation of detergent analysis in estimating nutritional value of by: 7.

Forage intake by goats was determined using total fecal collection and in vitro digestibility in three kermes oak (Quercus coccifera L.) pastures with varying shrubby (S) and herbaceous (H) vegetation cover in Northern three pasture treatments were: A, 53% S vs.

31% H; B, 60% S vs. 21% H; C, 66% S vs. 11% H. Twelve 2-year-old, meat-type, female local goats, each weighing 30 Cited by: Interspecific relationships among moose, red deer and roe deer in winter Seasonal nutritional quality of red deer and roc deer forages in southern Xiao Xingan Mountains, China Jan IVOMD was determined using mule deer (OdocoiIeus hemionus hemionus), sheep (Ovis ammon a&s), and steer (Bos taurus) rumen inocula with current year's growth col-lected from the 4 taxa at a common.

The Piceance Basin is a topographically diverse region located in northwest Colorado, USA (° N, ° W) that supports one of the largest migratory populations of mule deer in North America, previously estimated at 21,–27, animals (White and Lubow, ).The area also includes one of the largest natural-gas reserves in North America, with varying levels of development.

Milchunas DG, Dyer MI, Walmo OC, Johnson DE () In vivo/in vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages. Colo Div Wildl Spec Rep 43 Google Scholar Nudds TD () Forage “preference”: theoretical considerations of diet selection by deer.

Deer are the hoofed ruminant mammals forming the family two main groups of deer are the Cervinae, including the muntjac, the elk (wapiti), the fallow deer, and the chital; and the Capreolinae, including the reindeer (caribou), the roe deer, and the reindeer, and male deer of all species except the Chinese water deer, grow and shed new antlers each year.

In Vivotln Vitro relationships of Colorado mule deer forages. Colorado Division of Wildlife Special Report No. Fort Collins. Milne, J. A., the effect of plant chemical and physical structure on the rate of breakdown of plant particles in the rumen of mule deer and elk.

O and B Books. The nation's largest mule deer herd in northwest Colorado has fallen fromin to ab The recent peak estimated atmule deer in Does make up about one quarter of the harvest.

The mule deer buck-to-doe ratio is about 31 to Mule deer and black-tailed deer (collectively called mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus) are icons of the American West. They are distributed throughout western North America from the coastal islands of Alaska, down the West Coast to southern Baja Mexico and from the northern border of the Mexican state of Zacatecas, up through the Great Plains to the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta.

Nutritional Relationships Forage is a key component of white-tailed deer habitat during the entire year. Winter forage, whose availability is controlled by duration and severity of weather, has been considered the primary factor limit- ing cervid populations in the West (e.g., Wallmo et al.

) and, consequently, more information is available. migratory mule deer population in north central Colorado. The model indicates that summer forage will support many times the number of deer present, but winter forage will not sustain deer at any population level.

Instead, duration and severity of winter. The Kaibab deer herd is a Rocky Mountain mule deer, known scientifically as Odocoileus hemionus.

The deer attain reproductive maturity at about one and a half years of age. They normally mate in November and December; fawning normally occurs in June and July. Twins are very common and occasionally triplets are seen.

Animal Capture. We captured mule deer from a helicopter using net guns to acquire a sample of adult (>1 years old) females (n = deer; North Ridge = 60, North Magnolia = 43, South Magnolia = 42, and Ryan Gulch = 60) from to During 10–12 Januarywe captured 45 adult female mule deer and fit them with Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) collars (14 with GPS.

Data on deer herds, analysis of their habitat and forage needs, their seasonal cycles, understanding of their relationships with livestock and predators, wildlife management policies, what landowners should know about dealing with deer, practical considerations for hunters, and much more all can be found in this complete, well-illustrated guide.

Mule deer ecology and evolution. Cervids (family Cervidae) are an ecologically important group of ungulate that have been the focus of numerous investigations into the relationship between genetic variation and phenotypic Silva et al.

showed that juvenile roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L.) survival was correlated with MLH; likewise, red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) birth weight, neonatal. White-tailed deer also selected for class 2, whereas mule deer avoided it and selected for class 3.

Use by mule deer ([chi square] =df = 4, P = ) and white-tailed deer ([chi square] =df = 4, P.Kie ), but the relationship between forage quality and deer diet has usually been discussed only in terms of crude protein (TaberTaber and Dasmann ). We report the mineral concentrations of black-tailed deer forage in mixed-age chaparral of California.

Forage components were evaluated monthly for P, S, Ca, Mg, and K to identify. By Dan Carlson Hunters understand that the impact of weather on big-game animals is crucial year-round and not limited to the last four months of the year.

What’s happening right now in the atmosphere will have considerable influence on both the quality of horn and antler growth and the habitat our prey dwells in.

Colorado Parks and Wildlife is attempting to push through a controversial "study" that would involve killing significantly more numbers of mountain lions (Puma concolor) in hunting units in a portion of Colorado over a five-year span to see if they can increase the mule deer population for human hunters to kill.

The agency, in its rush, may short change the public's ability to comment on this. Recent studies in Colorado have identified increases in both body condition (ingesta‐free body fat) of adult mule deer and increased survival of young in areas with mechanical and chemical treatments to remove pinyon–juniper woodland (Bergman et al.

a, b). These studies indicate that pinyon–juniper woodland provides limited forage. Deer-predator relationships: a review of recent North American studies with emphasis on mule and black-tailed deer.

Wildlife Society Bulletin BEATLEY, J. analyses of data, deer-predator relationships, dis-ease impacts, and interactions that occur with weather patterns and these issues. The Group sum-marized these issues in a book entitled Mule Deer Conservation: Issues and Management Strategies in This conservation plan was assembled by the Group and is based on that work to provide a road.

He said high quality forage for deer and elk is usually isolated because of fire suppression techniques, and forest fires make targeting high quality feed areas more accessible. Newberg said that while hunting burns is a great way to target game species, the real benefit is understanding the relationship between deer, elk and fire.

DIRECT FIRE EFFECTS ON ANIMALS: Although uncommon, mule deer can be trapped and killed by fast-moving fires [9,21]. HABITAT RELATED FIRE EFFECTS: The effects of fire on mule deer habitat are widely varied and well documented in the literature. In general, fires that create mosaics of forage and cover are beneficial.

Deer seem to prefer foraging in burned compared to unburned areas. Gysel, L. An ecological study of the winter range of elk and mule deer in the Rocky Mountain National Park.

Journal of Forestry Harrington, F. Ecological segregation of ungulates in alpine and subalpine communities. Dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins.

Hess, K., Jr. The authors evaluated the health of 18 radio-collared deer [13 mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and 5 white-tailed deer (O. virginianus)] from the Rocky Mountain Arsenal, near Denver, Colorado, USA, a Superfund site contaminated with a variety of materials, including organochlorine pesticides, metals and nerve gas production by-products.

Habitat suitability modeling has both strengths and weaknesses as a land management tool. Its utility is highly dependent on the ecological interactions and spatial and temporal scales that are pertinent to land management concerns and the species of interest.

To maximize the usefulness of mathematical habitat suitability models, it is important that they are constructed using all the reliable.

For big-game hunters, understanding the fire cycle, knowing how to effectively hunt rejuvenated burns and staying abreast of fire activity in their hunting areas are excellent ways to enhance their success when pursuing elk and mule deer. Over the past decade, persistent drought, insect infestations and record-high summer temperatures have increased fire activity throughout the Rocky Mountains.

Morton, M. Forage relationships of mule deer in the Bridger Mountains, Montana. M.S. thesis. Montana State University, Montana Department of Fish and Game Project #WR-6,7.

Study #BG, Job #2. Helena, Montana. Morton, M.A. Nutritional values of major mule deer winter forage species in the Bridger Mountains, Montana. ———. Over winter forage selection by mule deer on seeded big sage-brush-grass range.

Wildl. Manage. – ———. Values of four plant communities for mule deer on ranges with limited summer habitat. Range Manage.

– ———. Effects of cattle grazing on mule deer diet and area selection. ENCOUNTERING NEWBORN DEER FAWNS Fact Sheet #26 EARLY LIFE BEHAVIOR Shortly after birth, mule deer fawns exhibit hiding behavior to avoid detection and maximize survival.

Newborn fawns are licked clean by the doe to minimize scent and have a spotted coat to help camouflage them. Newborn fawns spend more than 95 percent of their time hiding. Data for the trend in the whitetail deer population from and earlier is based on Kert VerCauteren in The Deer Boom, the Wildlife Management Institute's book "Whitetail Deer: Ecology and Management" and others, updated using current harvest data and state population estimates.

Recent University of Wyoming research puts the white-tailed deer population prior to European settlement at. His work focuses on understanding reciprocal relationships between large herbivores and ecosystems. Current projects include studies of dynamics of chronic wasting disease in populations of mule deer in Colorado, modeling the Yellowstone bison population and effects of brucellosis on its dynamics, and investigations of landscape dynamics shaped.

Mule deer and whitetails have a lot in common, after all, including DNA. Distinguished big-game biologist Valerius Geist details the relationship in his book Mule Deer Country.

Mule deer are recent newcomers to North America, with whitetails being the oldest deer species in the Western Hemisphere. An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip.

Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio An illustration of a " floppy disk. Full text of "Mule deer in the Missouri River Breaks, Montana: a study of population dynamics in a fluctuating environment". Mule deer are having an amazing year.

A muscle bound buck visits me periodically and looks in too, while females, some with spotted fawns, forage on my hillside in the morning and evening.

Mule Deer Foundation. The decline of mule deer and black-tailed deer in North America is real. Anyone who has been deer hunting the last 20 or 30 years has experienced the decline in the number of deer to hunt, places to hunt, and the opportunity to draw a tag. No one factor contributed to this, and no single factor will bring the deer back.

Plants and grazing animals co-existed in a symbiotic relationship, each benefiting the other. “Biologists I worked with at Utah State determined spring grazing by livestock can lead to better winter range for mule deer by putting pressure on some of the grasses and forbs (to reduce their competitive edge) to enhance the shrubs mule deer.FORAGE CHARACTERISTICS AND RANGE RELATIONSHIPS BOOKS TYPE PUBL CITY PAGE ANIM KEY WORDSAUTHORS/EDITORS-- YEAR aubo rokp loen cerv deer of g.

britain, irelan whiteh~ad,gk aubo huho edbo stac aubo stac aubo vipr aubo edbo omcc nhfg nyny hapa hap a nyny eail conh The Gunnison Basin, in the southwest part of the state, boasted s mule deer last year, and today marks the start of antler-hunting season, following the first year of a new ban on antler.